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Home Facial Cellulitis symptoms

Facial Cellulitis symptoms, pathophysiology and curing cellulite

For you lucky people who have no idea what cellulite is, let me tell you; it's that dimply fat found on the back of many people's leg and buttocks. However, despite the large number of people who suffer from cellulite, doctors can't agree on what it is made of. The most commonly-voiced opinion is that cellulite is composed of deposits of fats that are caught between skin fibres.

What is Cellulitis?

Cellulitis is an acute inflammation of the connective tissue of the skin, caused by infection with staphylococcus, streptococcus or other bacteria. This presents as a hot, sometimes tender area of confluent erythema of the skin owing to infection of the deep subcutaneous layer. It often affects the lower leg, causing an upwards-spreading, hot erythema. It may also be seen affecting one side of the face. Patients are often unwell with a high temperature. It is usually caused by a streptococcus. There may be an obvious portal of entry for infection, such as a recent abrasion or a venous leg ulcer. The web spaces of the toes should be examined for evidence of fungal infection. Skin swabs are usually unhelpful. Confirmation of infection is best done serologically by streptococcal titres.

Cellulitis Picture

Erysipelas is the term used for a more superficial infection of the dermis and upper subcutaneous layer that presents clinically with a well-defined edge. However, both erysipelas and cellulitis overlap, so it is often impossible to make a meaningful distinction.

What are the causes of Cellulitis?

The skin normally has many types of bacteria living on it, but intact skin is an effective barrier that keeps these bacteria from entering and growing within the body. When there is a break in the skin, however, bacteria can enter the body and grow there, causing infection and inflammation. The skin tissues in the infected area become red, hot, irritated and painful.

Cellulitis is most common on the face and lower legs, although skin on other areas of the body may sometimes be involved.

What are the Risk factors for cellulite?

Risk factors for cellulitis include:

  • Insect bites and stings, animal bite, or human bite
  • Injury or trauma with a break in the skin (skin wounds)
  • History of peripheral vascular disease
  • Diabetes -related or ischemic ulcers
  • Recent cardiovascular, pulmonary (lung), dental or other procedures
  • Use of immunosuppressive or corticosteroid medications

What are the Symptoms of Cellulitis?

  • Localized skin redness or inflammation that increases in size as the infection spreads
  • Tight, glossy, "stretched" appearance of the skin
  • Pain or tenderness of the area
  • Skin lesion or rash (macule):
    • Sudden onset
    • Usually with sharp borders
    • Rapid growth within the first 24 hours
  • Warmth over the area of redness
  • Fever
  • Other signs of infection:
    • Chills, shaking
    • Warm skin, sweating
    • Fatigue
    • Muscle aches, pains (myalgias)
    • General ill feeling ( malaise )
Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease:
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Joint stiffness caused by swelling of the tissue over the joint
  • Hair loss at the site of infection

What are the Treatment of cellulite?

Cellulitis treatment may require hospitalization if it is severe enough to warrant intravenous antibiotics and close observation. At other times, treatment with oral antibiotics and close outpatient follow-up is enough. Treatment is focused on control of the infection and prevention of complications.

Antibiotics are given to control infection, and analgesics may be needed to control pain.

Elevate the infected area, usually higher than the heart, to minimize swelling. Apply warm, moist compresses to the site to fight infection by increasing blood supply to the tissues. Rest until symptoms improve.

How to get rid of cellulite

Penicillin V or erythromycin (both 500 mg four times daily) is given. If the disease is advanced, treatment may need to be given intravenously for 3-5 days followed by 1-2 weeks of oral therapy. Any identifiable underlying cause should be treated. If cellulitis is recurrent, low-dose antibiotic prophylaxis (e.g. penicillin V 500 mg twice daily) should be given.

What are the Prevention of Cellulitis?

Avoid skin damage by wearing appropriate protective equipment when participating in work or sports. Also, clean any breaks in the skin carefully and watch for redness, pain, drainage, or other signs of infection.

Finally, maintain good general health and control chronic medical conditions. A body that is healthy can more easily fight bacteria before they multiply and cause infection, while a body that is run down has less protection against infection.

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