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Home Fitness & Lifestyle Get Rid of Stuffs? Foot Drop

How to get rid of Foot Drop?

Steppage gait

Foot drop is a very complex condition that is manifested by significant muscle weakness or paralysis that enables lifting of the foot. As a result, individuals are incapable of raising the foot at the ankle which prevents them to walk normally. Limp-like, weak foot causes the person to lift the afflicted leg high to prevent the toes from catching on the ground; this is sometimes referred to as steppage gait.

Damaged nerves

Foot drop also known as drop foot, which are interchangeable terms, has numerous causes. It may be temporal or permanent, depending on the cause. Causes can vary from neurogical, muscular or anatomical problem or as a combination of them all. Peroneal nerve injury caused by compression at the top of the calf behind the knee is the most common cause of this condition. Other causes are habitual crossing of the legs (which is a common behavioral cause), diabetes, neurodegenerative diseases of the brain such as cerebral palsy, stroke, and multiple sclerosis, motor neuron diseases such as post-polio syndrome and Lou Gehrig’s disease, injury to the nerve roots, tumors in the brain or the spinal cord, damaged muscles such as muscular dystrophy, and some anatomical abnormality that affects the movement of the foot.

Ankle-foot orthotics

Treatment of this condition depends on its cause, but the common factor of any treatment is person’s psychological needs because drop foot is very distressing. Attention must be brought to medical therapy at the beginning of the treatment.  This includes usage of narcotic medications, hormones and vitamins. Follow-up of the treatment is than directed to its cause. If the condition is not submissive to surgery, the foot is supported with an ankle-foot orthotics that includes a light-weight leg braces and shoe inserts. Or, if the cause of foot drop is a stroke or traumatic brain injury, peroneal nerve stimulation is used. The nerve stimulator can be activated by radiofrequency and it can be external or implanted. But, in cases of serious nerve injuries the right treatment is surgerys. Postoperative recovery is followed with exercise therapy. Some of the exercises are foot curls, toe grip, calf raises and others.

Uncertain result of the therapy

Total outcome of the therapy varies according to the cause of foot drop. In cases of trauma or nerve damage applied therapy can lead to a complete recovery within a several months. But in cases of severe neurological disorders the prognosis for complete recovery is not that certain and in these cases foot drop can become a lifelong disability.



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