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Home Body Care Nail Disorders Home :: Hand and Foot Care :: Nail Disorders :: Koilonychia

Koilonychia Cause, Symptoms, Treatment, Cure, Medications

Koilonychia (thin spoon-shaped nails) can be caused by iron deficiency anaemia or rarely is congenital. The concave upper surface of the nail plate making it look like a spoon. Koilonychia may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait or it may be associated with other syndromes.

Causes of Koilonychia

  • Anaemia (Plummer Vinson's syndrome)
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Cachexia
  • Cheilosis
  • Glossitis
  • Chemotherapy
  • Malnutrition
  • Occupational immersion of the hands in alkalies

It starts on the index finger of one hand and then extends to the other nails.

Treatment of Koilonychia

Koilonychia should be treated as soon as they are recognized. Treatments intended to replace the lost iron must be taken 30 minutes before meals. Take iron as prescribed by your doctor to avoid possible problems related to iron overload, and do not mix iron with beverages such as coffee or tea because these drinks inhibits iron absorption. Patient have to follow some of the oreventive measures like - for nail abnormalities due to ingrown toenails, wear shoes that don't squeeze the toes together, and always cut the nails straight across along the top.

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